Below we summarize data published since 2019 concerning survival and risk of recurrence of women with early-stage invasive HER2 overexpressing (HER2+ or ERBB2) breast cancer. However, please note that outcomes can vary depending on numerous factors. Also, the data represents snapshots from studies that were conducted using different populations under a variety of circumstances.
Furthermore, most studies that calculate survival do not present the results as simple percentages. Therefore, the numbers below are somewhat inconsistent and far from complete or definitive and should not be used to calculate your likely recurrence-free survival. However, the statistics are useful in getting a general idea of HER2+ breast cancer prognosis and to compare outcomes depending on treatment and other factors. For example, the data suggests that patients who do not achieve a pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy have worse outcomes and therefore might benefit from additional monitoring and treatment.

Definition of recurrence & survival terms

Overall survival means that no death occurred from any cause (this includes deaths from both breast cancer and non-breast cancer-specific causes). Breast cancer-specific survival refers to the percentage of patients who did not die from breast cancer during the specified period. Progression-free survival means that no recurrence, metastasis or breast cancer-related death took place during the specified period. Recurrence-free survival was defined by the authors who used the term in one study as no recurrence, metastasis or breast cancer-related death, however a second primary cancer might have been diagnosed during follow up. PCR or minimal residual cancer burden (RCB-I) means no or very little remaining microscopic evidence of viable cancer cells in tissue biopsied after treatment.

HER2+ breast cancer recurrence & survival data

Patient & treatment characteristics → Likelihood of 5-year survival
ER+/PR+/HER2+ receptor status
  • 5-year survival
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Overall survival → 84%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Breast cancer-specific survival → 91%
  • 5-year progression-free survival based on chemotherapy
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Adjuvant chemotherapy, no Herceptin → 56%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, no Herceptin → 65%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus Herceptin → 89%
  • 5-year progression-free survival based on residual disease
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ RCB-I after neoadjuvant treatment → 93% to 98%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Moderate residual cancer burden (RCB-II) → 78%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Extensive residual cancer burden (RCB-III) → 49%
  • 5-year progression-free survival based on degree of ER & PR positivity
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ Both ER and PR scores  ≥ 50%, adjuvant chemotherapy plus Herceptin → 75%
    • ER+/PR+/HER2+ ER and/or PR  scores < 50%, adjuvant chemotherapy plus Herceptin → 81%
ER-/PR-/HER2+ receptor status
  • 5-year survival
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ Overall survival → 79%
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ Breast cancer-specific survival → 86%
  • 5-year progression-free survival with neoadjuvant treatment overall
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ Neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus Herceptin → 83%
  • 5-year progression-free survival with or without residual disease
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ RCB-I after neoadjuvant treatment → 88% to 96%
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ RCB-II after neoadjuvant treatment → 60%
    • ER-/PR-/HER2+ RCB-III after neoadjuvant treatment → 45%
Mixed hormone receptor status
  • 5-year survival: ER+/PR-
    • ER+/PR-/HER2+ Overall survival → 81%
    • ER+/PR-/HER2+ Breast cancer-specific survival → 88%
  • 5-year survival: ER-/PR+
    • ER-/PR+/HER2+ Overall survival → 79%
    • ER-/PR+/HER2+ Breast cancer-specific survival → 85%
HER2+ where hormone receptor status was not specified
  • 5-year progression-free survival with and without Herceptin
    • HER2+ Standard of care treatment, 12 months Herceptin → 94%
    • HER2+ Standard of care treatment, less than 12 months Herceptin → 80% to 87%
    • HER2+ PCR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, no Herceptin → 68%
    • HER2+ At least one positive lymph node, neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus Herceptin plus radical mastectomy → 82%
  • 8-year progression-free survival with adjuvant treatment
    • HER2+ Adjuvant chemotherapy + concurrent Herceptin → 82% eight-year recurrence-free survival
    • HER2+ Adjuvant chemotherapy followed by Herceptin → 79% eight-year recurrence-free survival
Below are links to recent studies concerning this topic. Please also see our article on HER2+ breast cancer prognosis, which describes factors that drive outcomes in this type of breast cancer.